Friday, 16 March 2018

The Guitar

Today JP, a guitar teacher from Musiqhub, came to talk to us about how the guitar works.

The guitar has a headstock with six tuning pegs.
When you twist a tuning peg it makes the string tighter or looser.
When the string gets loosened, the note goes lower and then gets too loose to make a sound.
When the string gets tighter, the note gets higher but the string can snap if it is too tight.

The neck is the long wooden part.
There are frets across the neck that help you know where to put your finger to change notes.

The large part is the body. It has a pick guard which stops you scratching the guitar.
The bridge holds the strings up off the body.
The body has a hole in it called a sound hole.

There are six strings: E, A, D, G, B, E (from low to high).
The thickest string plays the lowest note (low E) . The thinnest string plays the highest note (high E).

When the string is plucked, it vibrates. It looks thicker but is wobbling up and down fast.
The sound of the note goes into the sound hole and vibrates inside the body and gets louder.
The body of an acoustic guitar is a sound chamber which amplifies the sound.
An electric guitar uses electric speakers to make the sound louder.

JP played us two pieces.
He used a pick to play an ACDC song to make a harder brighter sound.
He plucked the strings with his finger to make a softer warmer sound when he played Sponge Bob.

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